What is Dizziness?

Dizziness is the sensation of light-headedness, wooziness, or imbalance. It affects the sense organs, particularly the eyes and ears; therefore, it can occasionally cause fainting. Dizziness is not an illness but a symptom of numerous conditions.

Vertigo and disequilibrium may result in a sensation of dizziness, although these phrases refer to distinct symptoms. Vertigo can be described as a spinning sensation.

What Are the Causes of Dizziness/Vertigo?

A migraine, medicines, and alcohol are major causes of dizziness. It may also be caused by a malfunction in the inner ear, responsible for regulating balance.

On many occasions, dizziness will be accompanied by vertigo. Benign positional vertigo is the main cause of vertigo and other vertigo-related conditions. Vertigo results in short-term dizziness, especially when you change from one position to the other.

Also, dizziness and vertigo can be a result of Meniere’s disease. The disease results in fluid accumulation in the ear, leading to hearing loss and tinnitus.

Acoustic neuroma is another key cause of dizziness and vertigo. It is a noncancerous tumor that mainly grows on the nerve that connects the brain and the inner ear.

There are also some other causes of dizziness, including;

  • Blood pressure drop
  • Heart muscles disease
  • Blood volume reduction
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Anemia
  • Low blood sugar
  • Dehydration
  • Heart stroke
  • Excessive physical exercise
  • Ear infections

What Are the Symptoms of Dizziness/Vertigo

Symptoms accompanied by dizziness or vertigo often last for a few hours and may come repeatedly. You will feel various sensations if you are suffering from dizziness or vertigo. These sensations include;

  • Light-headedness or fainting
  • Spinning sensation
  • Loss of balance
  • Lack of steadiness
  • Swimming or floating feeling
  • Vomiting
  • Headaches
  • Sweating
  • Hearing loss
  • Ringing ears

Tilting and swaying

When Are You Supposed to See a Doctor?

If you experience frequent episodes of dizziness, you should contact your doctor. Some of the conditions that are supposed to alarm you to see a doctor include;

  • Continuous vomiting
  • Painful headache
  • Loss of hearing
  • Numbness
  • Lack of consciousness
  • Paining chest and neck
  • Loss of vision
  • Challenges in speaking

All of the above symptoms can be indicators of other health issues; therefore, ensure you visit a doctor for a necessary diagnosis.

How is Dizziness/Vertigo Diagnosed?

When you visit a therapist, he/she will carry down some physical examination to identify the origin and causes of the dizziness. Some of the common questions to expect from your therapist include;

  • When do the symptoms occur?
  • What triggers the symptoms?
  • How severe are the symptoms?

In addition to examining your eyes and ears, your therapist may conduct a neurological physical examination, assess your posture, and conduct tests to evaluate your balance. Based on the probable cause, the therapist will create a customized treatment plan for you.

What Are the Treatments of Dizziness/Vertigo?

The treatment of dizziness/vertigo highly emphasizes managing the causes. You can engage in home-based remedies, medication, or physiotherapy.

  • Balance-enhancing home activities can be used to treat inner-ear disorders.
  • BPV is treatable with techniques that relieve symptoms. Patients whose BPV cannot be controlled by other means may have surgery.
  • Meniere’s disease is managed with a diet low in sodium, periodic injections, and/or ear surgery.
  • Migraines are treated with drugs and lifestyle modifications, such as identifying and avoiding migraine triggers.
  • Anxiety problems can be treated with medication and relaxation exercises.

Drinking enough fluids can assist if dizziness is brought on by heavy exertion, heat, or dehydration.

Therapy

Vestibular rehabilitation

This sort of physical treatment is intended to enhance the vestibular system. The vestibular system is responsible for transmitting information to the brain regarding head and body motions in relation to gravity.

If you frequently experience vertigo, vestibular rehabilitation may be suggested. It enables you to train your other organs to adapt to vertigo.

Canalith repositioning maneuvers

To treat BPPV, it is highly recommended to undergo a series of head and body movements. The movements are performed to transfer calcium deposits from the ear canal into a chamber within the inner ear.

The main purpose is to allow the calcium transferred to be absorbed into the body. During the surgery, when the canaliths move, you may likely experience vertigo. You can find a physical therapist who will take you through the movements safely and efficiently.

What Are the Benefits of Physiotherapy?

Reduces dizziness

Vestibular rehabilitation is one of the major physiotherapy treatments for controlling dizziness/ vertigo. Vestibular rehabilitation can alleviate vertigo brought on by visual or self-motion stimulation. Physical therapists usually employ habituation activities to accomplish this objective.

Patients who have increased dizziness when moving and making quick head motions can benefit from this treatment. It is also effective for those who become dizzy when shifting positions, such as extending above the head or leaning down.

Deals with the source of dizziness

Physiotherapists are mainly interested in understanding the main cause of dizziness. Then they will tailor a solution that directly addresses the cause of the dizziness.

For instance, if there is calcium accumulation in the ear canal, the therapist will advise canalith repositioning maneuvers to ensure that the calcium is fully dislodged. Several sessions of this exercise will ensure that all calcium has been absorbed in the body.

Improving your balance

Balance-training exercises can enhance stability to ease work, self-care, and leisure pursuits. The exercises are sufficiently demanding and risk-free to prevent patients from stumbling while practicing.

Additionally, they lessen the risk of walking on specific terrain. Patients who receive physiotherapy treatment can walk more comfortably in the dark, outdoors, and on rough ground.

Stabilize your vision

Experts in vestibular therapy can also undertake a variety of exercises to improve gaze stability. The purpose of these therapies is to improve your eye movement control to see more clearly when your head is moving. They are ideal for individuals who have difficulty seeing clearly because of jittery vision. If successful, they enable patients to interpret and recognize items in their environment faster.

Final Thoughts

If you are suffering from dizziness/vertigo, you need to find an immediate solution to address the issue. When you leave the causes of dizziness unaddressed, they may develop to even severe conditions. In addition to other medical treatments, physiotherapy will be the best solution for dizziness/vertigo.

Why Choose Physiotherapy First

Our Brampton physiotherapists are well-educated and trained in the latest techniques and methods to provide you with a individualized exercise program. They undergo ongoing training and certification programs to further provide exceptional quality of care for each of our patients.

To learn more about physiotherapy treatments and services, how they could benefit you, or to schedule an initial consultation, please feel free to call Physiotherapy First at 905-796-6662 today!

We look forward to speaking with you to answer any questions you may have, discussing your health benefits plan coverage, and helping you alleviate your pain and discomfort to feel better.

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